Interpretable Machine Learning Using LIME Framework
 2 minutes read  329 wordsI found this talk to be fascinating. I’ve been a big fan of LIME but never really understood the details of how it works under the hood. I understood that it works on an observation by observation basis but I never knew that it permutates data, tests against the black box model, and then builds a simple linear model to explain it. Really cool. My notes are below the video.
## Notes
Input > black box > output; when don’t understand the black box like neural nets

Example, will the loan default?

Typical classification problem

Loan and applicant information relative to historical data

Linear relationships are easy

Nonlinear relationships via a Decision Tree can still be interpreted

Big data creates more complexity and dimensions

One way to overcome this: use feature importance

Feature importance doesn’t give us any understanding if it’s a linear or nonlinear relationship

Gets better with partial dependence plots

Can’t do partial dependence plots for neural nets

You can create Bayesian Networks / shows dependencies of all variables including output variable and strength of relationship

Bummer: Not as accurate as some other algorithms

Can give you global understanding but not detailed explanation

Accuracy vs Interpretablity tradeoff. Does it exist?

Enter LIME! Local Interpretable Modelagnostic Explanations

At a local level, it uses a linear model to explain the prediction

Creates an observation, creates fakes data (permutation), then it calculates a similarity store between the fake and original data, then it takes your black box algo (neural nets?), tries different combinations of predictors

Takes those features with similarity scores, fits a simple model to it to define weights and scores to explain it

Without know what the model picks up on if it’s really signal or noise. You need LIME to verify!

Can apply to NLP/Text models

Why is it important? Trust / Predict / Improve

LIME helps feature engineering by none ML practitioners

LIME can help comply with GDPR

Understanding our models can help prevent vulnerable people